|Ho Nee Yeath Portrait|
|Sa Ga Yeath Portrait|
One may now wonder if, since Colonel Benjamin Church had been dead over 50 years at the time of the etching of him by Revere for the new edition of his account of King Philip's War, if the portrait of him by Revere is authentic. It is not. Revere probably used a tint of Charles Church, the English Poet, as the basis for his portrait of Church.
Documentation has come to light over the years indicating that Revere copied engraver Henry Pelham's drawings of the Massacre, produced his own engraving, and three weeks after the occurrence was advertising his prints for sale in Boston's newspapers. By the time Pelham's prints hit the street, Revere's print had flooded the market. Jonathan Mulliken also issued a third engraving depicting the event. Except for a number of minor differences, all three prints appear alike. In his rush to produce his engraving Revere employed the talents of Christian Remick to colorize the print.
|Pelham's Boston Massacre|
|Revere's Boston Massacre|
Often overlooked in any discussion of the origin of Revere's Boston Massacre Engraving's origin is a mention of just who Henry Pelham was. Henry Pelham was the half brother of John Singleton Copley, eleven years his junior. Copley's portrait of Pelham entitled The Boy with the Squirrel brought Copley his first success in England after it was exhibited in London in 1766. Pelham was a virulent, outspoken Loyalist who was once attacked by a mob for his Tory sympathies and left with the British troops when they evacuated Boston in 1776. Pelham, undoubtedly, received training from his half-brother and was a talented miniaturist, engraver, cartographer, and civil engineer. He died in Ireland in 1806, drowning from a boat while supervising the building of a defensive fort.
|The Boy With The Squirrel|